Essential learning about induction motors – basics of AC drives and VFD

PID controller – a PID is the most commonly used feedback controller. A PID controller calculates an “error” value as the difference between a measured process variable and a desired set point. The Pid controller attempts to minimize the error by adjusting the process control inputs. The PID controller calculation involves three separate constant parameters, and is accordingly sometimes called three-term control: the proportional, the integral and derivative values, denoted P, I, and D. .

Auto tune controller – Auto tune controller provide economical control for a wide variety of processes, including heating, cooling, and heat/cool. When auto tune controller is used with the proper transmitters, these devices can also control pressure, flow, humidity, motion, or pH. The front panel is NEMA 2, 3R, and 12 rated for waterproof protection and are corrosion resistant. The sophisticated design of auto tuner controller incorporates the latest microprocessor and surface mount technology, compressing an unprecedented number of standard features into a compact 1/16 DIN package. The user can program control functions from the front panel; input types are DIP switch selectable. Multiple tuning modes allow the user to select from 3 standard tuning presets, manual tuning, or auto tuning.

Electronic motor drives into two categories: AC and DC. A motor drive controls the speed, torque, direction and resulting horsepower of a motor. A DC drive typically controls a shunt wound DC motor, which has separate armature and field circuits. AC drives control AC induction motors, and-like their DC counterparts-control speed, torque, and horsepower. A VFD controls the speed, torque and direction of an AC Induction motor. If you are not using VFD you are wasting energy and throwing money out the window. An AC drive may be considered by them as the variable frequency inverter and motor combination. It may even include the motor’s pulley.People in the electrical field and electrical suppliers usually refer to a variable frequency inverter unit alone, or an SCR power module alone (when discussing DC drives) as the “drive” and the motor as the “motor”. Manufacturers of VFD used to refer to the drive as an “adjustable speed AC drive”. To make matters worse when a motor is included in the package it may be referred to as an “adjustable speed AC drive system”.

A VFD is an adjustable speed drive. Adjustable speed drives include all types; mechanical and electrical. About AC drives, the main power components of an AC drive have to be able to supply the required level of current and voltage in a form the motor can use. The controls have to be able to provide the user with necessary adjustments such as minimum and maximum speed settings, so that the drive can be adapted to the user’s process.

Injection Moulding Controller – Manufacturers of Injection Moulding Controller provide total closed loop control for any Injection molding controller.

Affordable Car Insurance – 5 Tips To Minimize Your Expenses

One way of curtailing your overall expenses is to buy cheap car insurance. Even though you very well cannot avoid buying insurance for your vehicle you could still reduce the amount of premium you pay. One approach to getting cheap auto insurance is to cut down on your overall coverage. This is no doubt a risky approach since it exposes you to major expenditure in case you end up having an auto accident. Another approach is to ask and qualify for all possible discounts offered by insurers. Most people use a combination of both approaches to reduce the amount of premium they pay.

The following tips will help you minimize your insurance payments:

1. Most car insurance companies give a discount to people who drive less than a specific number of miles every year because of the assumption that they are less likely to have an accident; the limit varies according to the insurer. You should try to stay within this limit by using public transportation or carpooling whenever possible.

2. Take only as much insurance as you need. For instance, if you already have medical insurance then you do not need to take a car insurance policy that will pay your medical bills. Limit your policy to covering the cost of repairing a vehicle involved in a collision and also medical costs of other people involved in the accident caused by you.

3. Avoid filing minor claims with your insurance company. You can probably get them repaired for a small fee and will therefore be allowed to ask for a ‘no-claim’ bonus or discount.

4. On a related note, you should keep your deductable very high in order to reduce premiums. You’ll have to pay out of your pocket for small expenses but you will at least get insurance cover for major accidents.

5. Do not pay for insurance cover that offers towing or a spare car. It is cheaper to get your car towed away if you ever need to do it. If you have another vehicle or easy access to public transportation or a shared ride then you will not even need the spare car.

As you can see, there are quite a few things that you can do in order to get cheap car insurance. It is definitely necessary to do some homework before you renew your auto insurance because you will save quite a bit of money this way without depriving yourself of the cover you need.

The Importance Of Car Insurance For Every Car Owner

Buying car insurance is the most important thing to do after you buy a car. No matter which car you have or how safe your parking spot is, having a comprehensive car insurance policy is integral to any owner. You’re left vulnerable without it and end up being financially accountable for any damage that your car goes through. If you buy a car insurance policy, at least you have the insurance provider to help you out whenever needed. These days not owning insurance is just not an option, you never know what could happen, and car insurance is a guarantee that whatever happens can be taken care of.

There is so much variety in the car insurance sector that you can always find a car insurance policy that’s just perfect for you. With policies that include your family as well, you can even protect your loved ones when they travel in the vehicle. Aspects like third party liability ensure that if someone else is injured in an accident that you were involved in, your car insurance policy treats them as well. This feature is now compulsory for any car insurance nowadays and no matter how much your policy costs, your insurance provider has pay off any third party liability there is.

Medical costs are a big advantage of car insurance policies. If you have an accident and need treatment, your insurance company will pay for all the costs. With the rising medical prices, this a huge weight off most of our shoulders. Because of this clause, if something untoward should happen you can at least just concentrate to getting completely better instead of worrying yourself over financial matters. Being one of the most important advantages, this part of a car insurance policy can end up saving your life or your loved ones’.

Buy a car insurance policy to protect your car, your family and yourself. You never know what could go wrong and it’s always better to be prepared for anything. Car insurance is what helps you know that it’s always better to safe than sorry. No matter damage your car goes through, or even if it gets stolen, your insurance provider is there to compensate your loss. Buy a good policy and breathe easy knowing that you’re safe and protected. Car insurance is the most responsible decision a car owner has to make.

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Pranav Sharma is an insurance agent based in Mumbai; Pranav assists individuals and corporates in purchasing the right Car Insurance online & often shares his insights about the general insurance industry on internet.

General Motors Gets Inspiration From Iadt Student Designers

General Motors has invited its five-year partner the International Academy of Design and Technology (IADT) to take a sneak peek at GMs concept cars and new production vehicles at the upcoming 2007 Chicago Auto Show. More than fifty IADT fashion design students will visit General Motors exhibit on February 9, 2007 during the first public day of the Chicago Auto Show. The theme of the show is Runway to future Design and Technology.

Aside from watching the exhibit, the fifty fashion design students will also create sketches of garment designs inspired by the five GM featured vehicles.

The five vehicles that General Motors will introduce at the 2007 Chicago Auto Show are the following:

-Chevrolet Volt Concept GMs electric-driven advanced technology vehicle
-Chevrolet Camaro Convertible Concept A sport coupe loaded with exciting high performance features, equipped with the best quality auto parts like GM exhaust system and oozing with dramatic designs.
-2008 Cadillac CTS a luxurious and elegant sedan with the charm of a sports car
-2008 Buick Enclave Buicks first luxury crossover SUV that exudes athletic spirit, romantic forms and premium interior
-2007 Saturn Aura Green Line Hybrid voted North American Car of the Year with a demonstration of its environmental commitment.

The sketches or impression gathered and created by the students during the auto show will be used in producing the garments for General Motors for the next two months. Five winning designs are to be chosen and will be showcased at Imagine 2007, an annual fashion show produced by IADT and sponsored by General Motors. The fashion show will take place on May 17 at Chicagos Union Station. Each of the student winners will receive a $500 cash award from GM.

According to General Motors director of advanced design who led the design team of the Chevrolet Volt Concept car, Automotive design and fashion inspire and influence each other. Collaboration between GM and IADT, a school with a strong heritage in fashion, highlights opportunities to expand design vision and fresh ideas.

Kathy Embry, Dean, School of Design Studies at IADT said, We are thrilled to continue our partnership with GM for the fifth consecutive year. We can see a lot of energy in the emotionally compelling designs of all new GM vehicles. The GM Student Design Competition will provide a great opportunity to showcase the talent of future Chicago designers.

Amber Lindlom, senior fashion design student at IADT has also expressed her excitement on the opportunity provided by GM, General Motors exclusive design opportunity is a thrilling chance for IADT students. The challenge to draw inspiration from GMs innovative vehicles and translate them into one-of-a-kind fashion design solutions is a fantastic experience for aspiring fashion designers.

Toyota South Africa Motors Announces Major Investment in Gauteng

Toyota South Africa Motors (TSAM) today (17 January 2011) announced a R363 million investment into a new Parts Distribution Warehouse in the Ekurhuleni municipality. The warehouse is being developed in two phases and will serve TSAM’s local and export markets.

The new warehouse represents the largest single investment by TSAM in the Gauteng Province and it follows a five year R8 billion investment programme into its manufacturing facilities in Prospecton, Durban. Upon completion the new facility will cover 80 000 m2 and it will be the largest of its kind in Africa.

-The development of a distribution warehouse of this size and scale is one of the clearest signs that we are committed to South Africa and intent on remaining South Africa’s most popular vehicle manufacturer,- says Dr. Johan van Zyl, president and CEO of Toyota South Africa Motors and Managing Officer of Toyota Motor Corporation. According to Van Zyl the new Parts Distribution Warehouse will allow the company to further improve the availability of service and replacement parts on all of its vehicles, while the efficiencies gained from its world class management systems will serve to contain the cost of these parts.

The new Parts Distribution Warehouse will boast state-of-the-art management and workflow systems that will ensure optimal man and machine separation. By utilising these technologies the new facility will become one of the most modern facilities in the global TMC network.

The first phase of the new Parts Distribution Warehouse will open in May 2012 with the first round of daily deliveries to the more than 220 Toyota, Lexus and Hino dealerships in Southern Africa. This phase will feature 39 000 m2 of warehouse space and 3 000 m2 of office space. More than 800 of TSAM’s staff compliment of 7 793 employees will be based here. The second phase will include a further 38 000 m2 of warehouse space and is scheduled for completion by or before 2015.

-Toyota South Africa will remain an integral member of Toyota Motor Corporation and will continue to produce vehicles in South Africa. In making this a reality we believe that the government, through the actions of the Department of Trade and Industry and the Automotive Production and Development Programme (APDP) has created a stable and predictable environment in which we as manufacturers can make investments such as the one that we are announcing today- says Van Zyl.

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How Kids Sandbox Play Develops Motor Skills

Although play in a kids sandbox is generally fun and entertaining, some more lasting and important child development and learning benefits can result. One benefit from sandbox play is the development of motor skills that will enhance the childs ability and success in the future. Specifically, these skills are (1) large and (2) fine motor skills.

Large Motor Skills

Large motor skills refer to physical development of the larger muscles such as the arms and legs and the control of those muscles. Development and control of these muscles are important as they are used in other sports and activities such as basketball, soccer, golf, dancing, and tennis that can be enjoyed throughout a lifetime. The movement and control of these large muscles and the whole body can have a lasting impact on future movements.

Sandbox play helps develop these large motor skills as the child moves buckets of sand from one place to another or moves to the other side of the sandbox. Also, jumping in the sandbox and riding sand toys helps develop these skills.

Fine Motor Skills

Fine motor skills refer to physical development and control of the smaller muscles like those in fingers and toes. Development and control of these muscles are important as they are used in writing, painting, tying a shoelace, and other small movements. Eye-hand coordination can help make learning to hold a pencil and control its movement much easier. This can assist in the development of early educational skills.

Sandbox play helps develop these fine motor skills through the childs building of castles or fine structures in the sandbox. The use of the thumb and fingers in carefully molding and moving sand to develop towers, mountains or other imaginary structures helps develop these skills.

In conclusion, while sandbox play may appear just to be entertainment, the play experiences definitely can have lasting benefits for the child. The development of large and fine motor skills can promote easier educational learning such as printing and writing and also lead to greater coordination in physical education such as sports and fine art activities. So from what appears to be simple sandbox play is actually enhancing the childs future.

Ways To Locate Economical Toto Toilet Spare Parts

There is little doubt that Toto toilets are some of the finest money can buy. But on occasions things do go wrong, and you need a spare part. There are plenty of Toto suppliers online who can help you out, and send you that much needed item for your Toto Neorest, Drake or similar model.

One of the best places to look is actually on the Toto website, where they have a good list of online suppliers who can help to source the parts you need. Many of these suppliers offer some good discounts and fast shipping.

The list is huge and the offers that different suppliers give away are different so you have to spend some time and effort in understanding which supplier is offering you a deal that is worth the time you spent on the internet.

There are some retailers that sell the parts at low prices, but then charge the earth for shipping, or fail to get the item delivered in a timely fashion. so take your time if you have it. Evaluate the different offers before buying, to ensure you get the parts in a timescale, and for a price that suits you.

Most people trust the Toto brand, so using low cost aftermarket spares is not always a good idea. They may be cheap, but will often not last as long as genuine Toto parts.

There have been plenty of times I have fitted cheap parts to my toilet, only to find them failing after a few months. This should not happen with genuine Toto parts. So for the sake of paying a little more, you will get piece of mind by buying genuine.

If you can find a good, reliable spare parts service online, stick with them, and you can be assured of good service for many years. So to end, buying substandard toilet parts is not a good idea, whether you are a homeowner or professional. spend on the quality items and your toilet will provide you with a great service.

What Everybody Ought To Know About Mobile Accessories

If you are a new mobile owner you are going to be extra cautious in the beginning that you dont drop your new item. After a while though you may tend to become a little careless, or in any event unforeseeable accidents can occur. This is where having a choice of mobile accessories such as protective covers can really help. Not only are these covers good for protection, they also allow you to identify your mobile by its case. With many people purchasing the same types of mobiles its not hard to get them mixed up if you happen to set yours down next to another persons. You get to show your character and good taste by choosing the right cover that appeals to you.

This is just one example of the type of many mobile accessories that are available to you. It doesnt matter which accessory you are in need of or want, always make it a rule to buy quality. While in many cases these items are not expensive, you dont want to have to be constantly replacing or repairing them.

Something else that everyone should know about mobile accessories is that they are going to enhance the many benefits of your mobile. All too often we purchase new items that come with many features and benefits and we dont put them all to good use. Some of these benefits require the need for additional accessories and we may just assume they would be nice to have but are not a necessity. While this is true you really want to be able to use everything that you mobile has to offer to its fullest extent. So it really is worth purchasing the additional accessories. Of course there may be some that you simply would not use and you could exclude these from your purchase list.

While in search of your mobile accessories you are probably going to find a good selection of each type. Dont base your decision just on price. Make sure that it is going to be compatible with your mobile. Then make sure you take the time how to use and care for them properly.

There are so many mobile accessories that will be available for you and needless to say you arent going to want to buy them all at once. Start with a review of what is available for your particular mobile then make a list of the most important ones for you. Purchase them one at a time, learn to use them properly, then once you have done this you are ready to move onto the next one.

Importance & Functionality of Auto Accessories

Auto Accessories is the noteworthy add-ons of the vehicles that are installed by motorists to improve its elegant looks, unblemished operations, and improving overall reliability of vehicles. The car parts ensure that the vehicles are adorned with mechanical as well fashionable features to add more value to the vehicle. These add-ons not only add to your car value but also exhibit trendy looks, reliability, and durability operations.

These added car tools also determine no complaints functioning of motorcades providing perfect drive experience. The accessories are of assorted categories, features, functions, and prices. One must get all necessary details about every car parts and also match with the personal requirement of the car. This detailing ensures proper functioning of vehicles with least breakdown or problems.

The fashionable, dependable, and faultless operation are the most importance of auto accessories are commonly classified into internal vehicle add-ons and external car add-ons. The motor parts are functional in ascertaining ease, internal decor, and insert helpful performance of the motor vehicle while the exterior accessories deliberates more on provided that permanence, consistency, and an gorgeous getup to the car. Therefore the power installation of the car parts will great influence by other aspect like your personal preference, requirements, and last not the least pricing factor.

Advantages of Few Auto Accessories

Amusement Car Accessories: – Amusement car accessories are the first and foremost pre-requisite by every car owner from any age group. The entertainment add-ons will be a source of unlimited entertainment to enjoy a pleasant drive on road especially during a long journey. The amusement auto accessories include added features like DVD players, sound systems, TV specially planned for car leisure purposes etc. These motorcade tools are of immense significance on long drive as they are the source of great time pass and give you to add entertainment as they helps to kill boredom with the entertainment of choice.

Car Cleansing Accessories: – These tools are premeditated to dirt free, dust, and junk from the vehicle. The car cleaner tools cover both the internal as well as external accessories. The internal accessories are car mats, carpets, seat covers and car covers etc. These car add-ons ensure clean and sophistication to the car.

Visibility Improving Accessories: – The common cause of road accidents is careless driving or lack of visibility. Hence the specific auto accessories like windshield wiper blades, exterior lights, led lights etc ensures high visibility irrespective of darkness and bad weather conditions. The add-ons are a must and highly imperative from the motor owner point of view.

For more information about Performance Parts, please visit www.tunersdepot.com

What are included in Motor Insurance Quotes

The idea of getting Motor Insurance Quotes is to get the lowest premium for the insurance. This can be done by getting quotes from multiple Motor Insurance companies and finally opting for the lowest one. You can also look into what they cover and what suits your requirements and choose the one that suits you best.

Going online

Getting the motor insurance online is easier than you think and is quicker than ever. You will be required to fill in a form which will ask you the details of the car including its value. The forma can also include details about any safety devices installed, where it will be parked, what it is used for, etc. With all these details, you will be given Insurance Quotes which can be automatically generated considering all the information about your car.

What do they cover?

Most of the Motor Insurance Quotes will tell you what they cover and what premium you will have to pay. Once you have your motor insurance, your vehicle will be secure in case of theft, malicious acts, damaged during transport by road, rail, etc. By considering where you live and for the kind of use you put it through, you should choose a suitable policy. The quote will also tell you what kind of bonuses you will be eligible to like the No Claim Bonus, etc.

Covers injury to people

Motor Insurance Quotes will tell you about who are included in the insurance. You can get reimbursement when a fellow passenger is injured during accidents too. If a third party gets hurt during an accident and you are required to pay, you can claim a reimbursement for this too. Motor Insurance Quotes also tell you about the various other claims you can make like towing charges in case of an accident, cashless claims etc. Cashless claims can be done in a certain Garage network across India where you will not be required to pay in cash. You can just give the insurance card and the billing will be taken care of.