Essential learning about induction motors – basics of AC drives and VFD

PID controller – a PID is the most commonly used feedback controller. A PID controller calculates an “error” value as the difference between a measured process variable and a desired set point. The Pid controller attempts to minimize the error by adjusting the process control inputs. The PID controller calculation involves three separate constant parameters, and is accordingly sometimes called three-term control: the proportional, the integral and derivative values, denoted P, I, and D. .

Auto tune controller – Auto tune controller provide economical control for a wide variety of processes, including heating, cooling, and heat/cool. When auto tune controller is used with the proper transmitters, these devices can also control pressure, flow, humidity, motion, or pH. The front panel is NEMA 2, 3R, and 12 rated for waterproof protection and are corrosion resistant. The sophisticated design of auto tuner controller incorporates the latest microprocessor and surface mount technology, compressing an unprecedented number of standard features into a compact 1/16 DIN package. The user can program control functions from the front panel; input types are DIP switch selectable. Multiple tuning modes allow the user to select from 3 standard tuning presets, manual tuning, or auto tuning.

Electronic motor drives into two categories: AC and DC. A motor drive controls the speed, torque, direction and resulting horsepower of a motor. A DC drive typically controls a shunt wound DC motor, which has separate armature and field circuits. AC drives control AC induction motors, and-like their DC counterparts-control speed, torque, and horsepower. A VFD controls the speed, torque and direction of an AC Induction motor. If you are not using VFD you are wasting energy and throwing money out the window. An AC drive may be considered by them as the variable frequency inverter and motor combination. It may even include the motor’s pulley.People in the electrical field and electrical suppliers usually refer to a variable frequency inverter unit alone, or an SCR power module alone (when discussing DC drives) as the “drive” and the motor as the “motor”. Manufacturers of VFD used to refer to the drive as an “adjustable speed AC drive”. To make matters worse when a motor is included in the package it may be referred to as an “adjustable speed AC drive system”.

A VFD is an adjustable speed drive. Adjustable speed drives include all types; mechanical and electrical. About AC drives, the main power components of an AC drive have to be able to supply the required level of current and voltage in a form the motor can use. The controls have to be able to provide the user with necessary adjustments such as minimum and maximum speed settings, so that the drive can be adapted to the user’s process.

Injection Moulding Controller – Manufacturers of Injection Moulding Controller provide total closed loop control for any Injection molding controller.

General Motors Gets Inspiration From Iadt Student Designers

General Motors has invited its five-year partner the International Academy of Design and Technology (IADT) to take a sneak peek at GMs concept cars and new production vehicles at the upcoming 2007 Chicago Auto Show. More than fifty IADT fashion design students will visit General Motors exhibit on February 9, 2007 during the first public day of the Chicago Auto Show. The theme of the show is Runway to future Design and Technology.

Aside from watching the exhibit, the fifty fashion design students will also create sketches of garment designs inspired by the five GM featured vehicles.

The five vehicles that General Motors will introduce at the 2007 Chicago Auto Show are the following:

-Chevrolet Volt Concept GMs electric-driven advanced technology vehicle
-Chevrolet Camaro Convertible Concept A sport coupe loaded with exciting high performance features, equipped with the best quality auto parts like GM exhaust system and oozing with dramatic designs.
-2008 Cadillac CTS a luxurious and elegant sedan with the charm of a sports car
-2008 Buick Enclave Buicks first luxury crossover SUV that exudes athletic spirit, romantic forms and premium interior
-2007 Saturn Aura Green Line Hybrid voted North American Car of the Year with a demonstration of its environmental commitment.

The sketches or impression gathered and created by the students during the auto show will be used in producing the garments for General Motors for the next two months. Five winning designs are to be chosen and will be showcased at Imagine 2007, an annual fashion show produced by IADT and sponsored by General Motors. The fashion show will take place on May 17 at Chicagos Union Station. Each of the student winners will receive a $500 cash award from GM.

According to General Motors director of advanced design who led the design team of the Chevrolet Volt Concept car, Automotive design and fashion inspire and influence each other. Collaboration between GM and IADT, a school with a strong heritage in fashion, highlights opportunities to expand design vision and fresh ideas.

Kathy Embry, Dean, School of Design Studies at IADT said, We are thrilled to continue our partnership with GM for the fifth consecutive year. We can see a lot of energy in the emotionally compelling designs of all new GM vehicles. The GM Student Design Competition will provide a great opportunity to showcase the talent of future Chicago designers.

Amber Lindlom, senior fashion design student at IADT has also expressed her excitement on the opportunity provided by GM, General Motors exclusive design opportunity is a thrilling chance for IADT students. The challenge to draw inspiration from GMs innovative vehicles and translate them into one-of-a-kind fashion design solutions is a fantastic experience for aspiring fashion designers.

Toyota South Africa Motors Announces Major Investment in Gauteng

Toyota South Africa Motors (TSAM) today (17 January 2011) announced a R363 million investment into a new Parts Distribution Warehouse in the Ekurhuleni municipality. The warehouse is being developed in two phases and will serve TSAM’s local and export markets.

The new warehouse represents the largest single investment by TSAM in the Gauteng Province and it follows a five year R8 billion investment programme into its manufacturing facilities in Prospecton, Durban. Upon completion the new facility will cover 80 000 m2 and it will be the largest of its kind in Africa.

-The development of a distribution warehouse of this size and scale is one of the clearest signs that we are committed to South Africa and intent on remaining South Africa’s most popular vehicle manufacturer,- says Dr. Johan van Zyl, president and CEO of Toyota South Africa Motors and Managing Officer of Toyota Motor Corporation. According to Van Zyl the new Parts Distribution Warehouse will allow the company to further improve the availability of service and replacement parts on all of its vehicles, while the efficiencies gained from its world class management systems will serve to contain the cost of these parts.

The new Parts Distribution Warehouse will boast state-of-the-art management and workflow systems that will ensure optimal man and machine separation. By utilising these technologies the new facility will become one of the most modern facilities in the global TMC network.

The first phase of the new Parts Distribution Warehouse will open in May 2012 with the first round of daily deliveries to the more than 220 Toyota, Lexus and Hino dealerships in Southern Africa. This phase will feature 39 000 m2 of warehouse space and 3 000 m2 of office space. More than 800 of TSAM’s staff compliment of 7 793 employees will be based here. The second phase will include a further 38 000 m2 of warehouse space and is scheduled for completion by or before 2015.

-Toyota South Africa will remain an integral member of Toyota Motor Corporation and will continue to produce vehicles in South Africa. In making this a reality we believe that the government, through the actions of the Department of Trade and Industry and the Automotive Production and Development Programme (APDP) has created a stable and predictable environment in which we as manufacturers can make investments such as the one that we are announcing today- says Van Zyl.

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How Kids Sandbox Play Develops Motor Skills

Although play in a kids sandbox is generally fun and entertaining, some more lasting and important child development and learning benefits can result. One benefit from sandbox play is the development of motor skills that will enhance the childs ability and success in the future. Specifically, these skills are (1) large and (2) fine motor skills.

Large Motor Skills

Large motor skills refer to physical development of the larger muscles such as the arms and legs and the control of those muscles. Development and control of these muscles are important as they are used in other sports and activities such as basketball, soccer, golf, dancing, and tennis that can be enjoyed throughout a lifetime. The movement and control of these large muscles and the whole body can have a lasting impact on future movements.

Sandbox play helps develop these large motor skills as the child moves buckets of sand from one place to another or moves to the other side of the sandbox. Also, jumping in the sandbox and riding sand toys helps develop these skills.

Fine Motor Skills

Fine motor skills refer to physical development and control of the smaller muscles like those in fingers and toes. Development and control of these muscles are important as they are used in writing, painting, tying a shoelace, and other small movements. Eye-hand coordination can help make learning to hold a pencil and control its movement much easier. This can assist in the development of early educational skills.

Sandbox play helps develop these fine motor skills through the childs building of castles or fine structures in the sandbox. The use of the thumb and fingers in carefully molding and moving sand to develop towers, mountains or other imaginary structures helps develop these skills.

In conclusion, while sandbox play may appear just to be entertainment, the play experiences definitely can have lasting benefits for the child. The development of large and fine motor skills can promote easier educational learning such as printing and writing and also lead to greater coordination in physical education such as sports and fine art activities. So from what appears to be simple sandbox play is actually enhancing the childs future.

What are included in Motor Insurance Quotes

The idea of getting Motor Insurance Quotes is to get the lowest premium for the insurance. This can be done by getting quotes from multiple Motor Insurance companies and finally opting for the lowest one. You can also look into what they cover and what suits your requirements and choose the one that suits you best.

Going online

Getting the motor insurance online is easier than you think and is quicker than ever. You will be required to fill in a form which will ask you the details of the car including its value. The forma can also include details about any safety devices installed, where it will be parked, what it is used for, etc. With all these details, you will be given Insurance Quotes which can be automatically generated considering all the information about your car.

What do they cover?

Most of the Motor Insurance Quotes will tell you what they cover and what premium you will have to pay. Once you have your motor insurance, your vehicle will be secure in case of theft, malicious acts, damaged during transport by road, rail, etc. By considering where you live and for the kind of use you put it through, you should choose a suitable policy. The quote will also tell you what kind of bonuses you will be eligible to like the No Claim Bonus, etc.

Covers injury to people

Motor Insurance Quotes will tell you about who are included in the insurance. You can get reimbursement when a fellow passenger is injured during accidents too. If a third party gets hurt during an accident and you are required to pay, you can claim a reimbursement for this too. Motor Insurance Quotes also tell you about the various other claims you can make like towing charges in case of an accident, cashless claims etc. Cashless claims can be done in a certain Garage network across India where you will not be required to pay in cash. You can just give the insurance card and the billing will be taken care of.

Motor Insurance Claim for your Vehicle – A Simple Process

To make a motor insurance claim for vehicles if there is an accident is easy. It is a simple two to three step process to ensure you peace of mind in your hour of need. The first step is to call a customer service centre to register your claim and get a registration number for future reference. Information such as your contact number, policy number, vehicle number, time and date of accident, nature of damage incurred, if there is an injury are recorded.

All motor insurances companies have tie ups with garage networks which offer you cashless facility for servicing your vehicle. A surveyor would be appointed to check the vehicle at the garage and give approval for the repair. The vehicle would be handed back to you post your satisfaction on the repair done. If you choose to repair your vehicle at one of the garages in the network of the motor insurance company, the claim is settled directly at the garage. You might have to just pay for the damage that is not covered under the insurance or which is not related to the accident.

Alternately, you can repair the car at any garage you want to and get back the amount spent as reimbursement. This reimbursement can be obtained only once the repairs are done and your have submitted your bills to the motor insurance company’s claims department.

The motor insurance claim process is smooth and has been kept easy for the convenience of the customer. Your motor insurance policy would cover claims if there is damage to your vehicle due to a natural calamity like fire, flood, earthquake or cyclone. Accidents, riots, strikes or terrorist activities are also covered by a motor insurance claim. Insurance for damage during transit by road, rail, air or inland waterways are provided by the insurance claim process. The next circumstances are of -voluntary excess’ or -deductible’. It is a definite sum of money an insured, which, is you, choose to bear if there is an accident and the rest is insured under the policy.

Motor insurance companies also compensate for injury or death of the driver or owner of a car which is insured, damages caused to a third party during an accident, third party property damaged, etc. Motor insurance policy excludes common damage to the car, mechanical or electrical breakdown, damage incurred outside the country or damage caused at the time of driving under the influence of alcohol. Your claim would not be welcome if the accidental damage to the car and property has happened due to any of the exclusions mentioned by the motor insurance company.

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It is very essential to have a car insurance policy. Author Pranav Sharma is an experienced insurance professional and widely read expert on general insurance based in Mumbai. Pranav helps readers opt for best car insurance policy in India.

Used Boat Motors Tips For Buying Used Boat Motors

So, you have decided to buy used boat motors because these are, arguably, cheaper compared to purchasing brand-new items. However, to get the best out of your money, you have to be very wise about your choices since the cost of repairs do add up in the long run.

# Closely Inspect

First, exterior damage like cracks and corrosion are signs of internal damage so watch out for them. These can become costly repairs that often contribute to a sinking boat, financially speaking.

Second, if it is an outboard motor, inspect the prop shaft for bent portions. You can do this by looking at the propeller hubs end when it is spinning no wobble means that the used boat motors might be in good condition.

Third, and very important to protect yourself against stolen boat complaints, inspect the nameplate for its complete model and serial numbers. If it appears suspicious, then it probably is not a safe buy.

# Closely Listen

Ask the owners to operate the secondhand boat motors at both idle and full speed modes. This is very important as problems involving the carburetor and the ignition are very costly.

Also, you have to check that the boat motor can easily handle shifting from neutral to reverse and neutral to forward. You will only realize the importance of these functions when docking the boat.

If you can have a trusted boat mechanic to offer advice, then better for your hunt for the right used boat motors. After all, he is more qualified to inspect them than you are!

# Close the Sale

If you have decided that you are going to purchase the secondhand boat motors, then you must take the preliminary steps to close the sale. Whether online or offline, you must protect yourself against unscrupulous sellers who might have fraudulent documents on said motors.

Thus, always ask for the legal documents on the sale such as receipt of purchase outlining the date of transaction, the purchase amount including advance payments, technical specifications of the boat motors especially their model and serial numbers, and the signatures of both the concerned parties.

Soon, youll have your used boat motors powering your ride!

Channelvantage, General Motors To Launch Second Generation Lead Qualification Solution

In the news: Urban Science, a global retail consulting firm, has launched its second generation, comprehensive lead qualification solution. The wholly owned subsidiary of Urban Science, the ChannelVantage together with General Motors — worlds largest automaker and producer of renowned GM Cadillac parts — will roll out the lead scoring portion of the solution this spring.

ChannelVantage will rate online customers on how quickly they are in making decisions to buy GM products. The result of the said study will provide GM dealers with a list of customers to prioritize and to identify those tire-kickers. The said study will also provide the automaker with a clue as to what products are in demand giving them an idea on what products to focus their marketing efforts.

According to Lisa Grutta, Manager-Retail Internet Strategy, We get thousands of internet leads every month. Without a way to identify the seripus buyers, our dealers have no choice but to treat each lead the same, and to spend the same effort on each lead. With ChannelVantages lead qualification solution, we will have a method for telling our dealers who the buyers are so they can focus their time and marketing effort with a real opportunity to make a sale.

Since 2001, Urban Science has become the leading provider of lead qualification solutions in the US and Japan for various automotive and financial services clients. Its six years experience has helped Urban Science to double the accuracy level of their lead qualification models which they utilize to provide their clients with superior results and expert consulting services to effectively prioritize leads for treatment differentiation.

Urban Sciences end-to-end qualification and reporting solution collects, rate, and assigns different treatment to leads from the internet or other channels which are afterwards distributed to the right part of the organization for follow-ups. Likewise, a full report on everything starting from the number of leads delivered, to the marketing actions taken, up to the close rate analysis are provided by Urban Science.

The lead qualification solution that is being utilized by Urban Science is powered by its proprietary, award-winning GainSmarts data mining tool which is awarded twice in the leading Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery competition in the world, the KDD cup competition.

According to Jim Anderson, President and Chief Executive Officer of Urban Science, The automotive industry is allocating an increasing percentage of its resources to generate and manage leads. Recognizing and prioritizing those leads for automotive dealers, or any retailer for that matter, is a natural progression in improving retail effectiveness. We are proud that our experience and proven track record have allowed us to add GM to our growing roster of clients in this area.

Company Cars – How Your Company Car Affects The Tax You Pay

First of all, lets see how Company Car Tax works

If you drive a Company Car, you are liable to pay tax as it is classed as a Benefit In Kind.

Company Car Tax or Benefit In Kind Tax must be paid on your company car if you, or a member of your family, use it for private use. This would include travelling to and from your place of work. If you drive a company van, the rules are slightly different in that you should not be liable for tax if the only private use is to go between work and home.

How much Company Car Tax will you have to pay?

There are a number of things that affect how much Company Car Tax you pay. The Benefit In Kind tax you pay on your Company Car is based on the P11D value of the car (its list price including any extras or options), the CO2 Emissions of the car (the lower the better), the rate you pay tax on your income, and whether your car can run on an alternative fuel. Furthermore, if your employer provides you with fuel and you use some of it for personal travel, you would also be liable for Benefit In Kind tax on this Car Fuel Benefit.

Further Information on Company Car Tax & Benefit In Kind

To help you work out how much Company Car Tax and Car Fuel Tax you will have to pay, why not check out the Company Car Tax Calculator provided by HM Revenue & Customs. Also, there is a Government website all about Company Cars which provides useful information and guidance for both employees and employers. It explains the rules about Tax and National Insurance relating to Company Cars and company car fuel. Changes in the rules relating to Company Car Tax are usually declared at Budget time. If youre interested in finding out how future changes might affect you, take a look at the Governments Forthcoming Changes To Car Benefit site.

Of course, there is a way to avoid paying Company Car Tax altogether, and its not illegal! If your employer gives you the choice of having either a Company Car or a Company Car Allowance, you could choose the cash alternative, lease or purchase your own vehicle, and then claim an amount back from your employer for business mileage (currently at a Government set rate of 40p per mile). You might like to check out the sister article to this one, called Company Car Or Company Car Allowance – Which Should I Choose?, which explains the benefits and disadvantages of each option.

Steps To Selling Your Used Car For The Best Price

Getting a good price for your used car doesn’t have to be as complicated as you may think. All you need to do is follow these simple steps and you can have the cash you want for used car in no time!

Get in the know- Before putting that for sale sign in the window of your car, it is very important to know what the market is like for your particular car. How “in demand” is your vehicle right now? What kind of potential buyer will be interested in your car? The answers to these questions will help your determine how to advertise and price your vehicle. When you know what audience to target, you will be able to sell to a motivated buyer who is willing to give you what you want for the car.

Ensure reliability- Many car buyers are skeptical about used cars. Make your car stand out above the rest by reassuring the customer of the car’s reliability. Have your mechanic give the car a check to be sure that everything is in proper working order. Have them give you a report on the car’s condition that you can show potential buyers. Another great way to tame skeptical used car buyers is with a vehicle history report.

Be Legit- It’s imperative to know the rules for the sales of motor vehicles in your state. In the event of a mishap or accident, you need to be sure that you won’t be held responsible once the transaction has been made. Once you have secured funds for your car, record the odometer reading and your signature on the title before handing it to the buyer.

Give your car a makeover- Who wants to spend top dollar for a car that doesn’t look its best? Take some time to fix minor cosmetics on your car. Have the car detailed for the best clean inside and outside. Be sure to put an air freshener inside as well. If your automotive painting doesn’t look the best, consider a new paint job to help seal the deal. A car that appeals to the senses is more likely to draw and interest more potential buyers.

Price it right- Of course you don’t want to feel like you’re just giving your car away. However, pricing your car too high will steer buyers away to the competition. Take fair market value into consideration. Go to various automobile selling websites and view comparable vehicles for pricing. After taking in the condition of your vehicle, price your car accordingly. Price the car a little above what you are actually willing to accept to leave room for negotiations. You don’t need car sales training to be able to counter with a potential buyer, but if you make a habit of selling cars you should consider some.